If I’m Not a Nurse, Can I Still Go to NP School?
Find out more about how to become a nurse practitioner without a nursing degree.
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Healthcare can be an attractive option for those looking to switch careers. Many professionals with a bachelor's degree in other fields, or those in healthcare who do not hold a bachelor of science in nursing (BSN), choose to attend nurse practitioner (NP) school. In fact, nursing school enrollment increased in 2020 despite the pandemic.
There are many open doors for individuals with non-nursing degrees and non-BSN nurses who want to pursue this advanced nursing profession. If you are interested in becoming an NP, continue reading to find your best academic option.
How to Become a Nurse Practitioner Without a Nursing Degree
Having a master of science in nursing (MSN) and a registered nurse (RN) licensure are mandatory to become an NP. However, there are options for prospective students who have some nursing experience or those with a bachelor's degree from a different academic background.
These learners can shift their career focus without having to start all over by taking advantage of various programs designed specifically for them. These options allow a more efficient pathway to this role. Listed below are four avenues to consider.
Featured Online MSN Programs
Direct-Entry Nurse Practitioner Programs
Direct-entry MSN programs can offer students with non-nursing degrees a faster route to the MSN, leading to an NP career. The length of this program varies depending on several factors but typically takes between 18-36 months.
Requirements for this program include:
- Bachelor's degree from an accredited institution
- Completed prerequisite courses for nurses
- A resume
- An academic essay
- Recommendation letters
- Entrance essay
- Graduate Record Examinations (GRE) scores
- A minimum GPA of 3.0
The curriculum includes online or in-class courses in nursing theory with topics like pathophysiology, healthcare research, pharmacology, and health assessment. Additionally, clinical rotations in a healthcare setting and simulations are required.
Most direct-entry MSN programs are structured with the RN curriculum at the beginning. After those courses are completed, the students must sit for and pass the National Council Licensure Examination (NCLEX) before they can move on to the MSN. After completing the program, students will have earned an RN license, BSN, and MSN.
The next steps would be to get an NP certificate and advanced practice registered nurse (APRN) license.
Bridge Programs for Nurse Practitioners
Nursing bridge programs can offer individuals such as RNs with an associate degree in nursing (ADN), licensed practical/vocational nurses (LPN/LVNs), and certified nursing assistants (CNAs) a "bridge" between their existing skill set to a higher one.
ADNs, for example, can take advantage of ADN-to-MSN programs. Most are 30-36 months.
These intense programs are also available to prospective students who have a bachelor's degree in a field outside of healthcare who are looking to move into this field.
Prerequisites for an ADN-to-MSN program include 1-3 years' experience in a healthcare setting, a current RN license, transcripts, an academic essay, recommendation letters, an entrance essay, and a minimum GPA of 3.0.
This curriculum includes in-class, online, or hybrid courses such as nursing research I & II, biostatistics and epidemiology, or advanced nurse leadership. Clinical experience is also required. After completing this program, graduates will have an MSN.
Getting an RN licensure and gaining field experience can lead to an NP certificate and APRN license.
Accelerated Nurse Practitioner Programs
Accelerated NP programsoffer a fast-track option for earning an MSN to individuals with a nursing background without a BSN and those who hold a bachelor's degree in another industry.
Focus and rigorous commitment are essential due to the amount of content covered in a condensed time frame. Many factors can influence how long the program takes to complete, which can range from 12-36 months.
Requirements for this program include a bachelor's degree from an accredited institution, transcripts, a resume, an academic essay, and letters of recommendation. An entrance essay, GRE scores, a minimum GPA of 3.0, and completion of prerequisite courses must also be submitted.
Prerequisite courses for an accelerated NP program may include microbiology, chemistry for nurses, nutrition, anatomy, and physiology.
Clinical experience and courses, such as evidence-based practice, child and adolescent health nursing, and leadership in nursing, are part of this curriculum. Coursework can be on campus or online. Students can receive an MSN at the end of this program.
After completion of prerequisites, students are eligible to take the NCLEX-RN to receive their RN licensure. This allows them to complete their MSN degree to become an NP.
Online Programs for Nurse Practitioners
Online NP programs offer the opportunity to take courses virtually without having to attend on-campus classes.Direct-entry online NP, bridge, oraccelerated online NP programs have such options. The length of the program can range from 2-3 academic years.
Online program requirements for students with a non-nursing bachelor's degree include proof of education from an accredited institution, transcripts, prerequisite courses, and a resume. Applicants also submit an academic essay, recommendation letters, entrance essay, GRE scores, and have a minimum GPA of 3.0.
For those with experience in nursing, but do not have a BSN, qualifications include 1-3 years' experience in a healthcare setting, a current RN license, transcripts, an academic essay, letters of recommendation, an entrance essay, and a minimum GPA of 3.0.
Online programs must incorporate supervised, customized clinicals. The hours, location, and format vary. In some situations, students are encouraged to choose their clinical site.
Required coursework is similar to the previous options. Classes can include adult health, psychiatric nursing, or advanced human diversity.
An MSN is earned by completing this program. Sitting for the NCLEX-RN exam and getting experience in the nursing field will guide graduates to NP certification and APRN licensure.
FAQs: Becoming an NP Without a Nursing Degree
How can I become a nurse without a degree?
Although you cannot work as an RN without a degree, there are careers that allow you to work in nursing without one — these include LPNs, LVNs, and CNAs.
How long does it take to become a nurse practitioner?
There are a number of factors that impact the length of schooling for an advanced practitioner. For this career, you should expect to be in school for 6-8 years from start to finish.
Is becoming a nurse practitioner worth it?
NPs are in high demand and this profession offers high salary opportunities. When deciding on an NP career, students should consider factors that affect the overall cost of NP programs and ways to pay for their education.
In-state tuition typically costs less than out-of-state tuition, and schools may charge a lower rate for online programs. Financial assistance is often available for accredited programs.
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statisticsranks these advanced nurses as the fourth-highest projected employment percentage growth between 2020-2030 with a 2020 median salary of $111,680.
Which nurse practitioner is most in demand?
Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, psychiatric mental health NPs are among the specialties in highest demand. Gerontology NPs, with the growing elderly population, and preventative medicine NPs, with the movement to improve health and wellness, are also ranked at the top of the list.
Page last reviewed March 18, 2022
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