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Travel nursing offers a unique work experience with the opportunity to earn above-average hourly wages. These wages may even exceed those of other registered nurses (RNs) with the same education and credentials.
Travel nurses are typically employed by travel nursing agencies and work assignments across the country wherever nurses are needed. Because each assignment is different, the total annual income for travel nurses can vary significantly. Factors include the details of the pay package, where the assignment is located, and nursing specialty.
On this page you will find the most recent information about travel RN salaries, benefits, specialties, and the states with a high demand for travel nurses.
Fast Facts About Travel Nurses
- Travel nurses generally earn as much or more than staff nurses with the same experience and qualifications.
- Lodging reimbursement and tax advantages impact travel nursing salaries.
- The most in-demand travel nursing specialties include labor and delivery, emergency room, and medical-surgical/telemetry.
Average Pay for Travel Nurses
The average travel nurse salary varies greatly depending on the work assignment. Depending on travel location, these practitioners can earn between $3,000 and $7,000 per week, averaging a 36-hour work week. According to Vivian, a healthcare jobs marketplace, and the U.S. Bureau of Labor and Statistics (BLS), travel nurses earn just over $3,167 a week, while RNs earn just under $39.78 an hour. However, aspiring travel nurses should note that living on the road leads to additional personal expenses, so the increase in pay accounts for living accommodations.
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Travel Nursing Pay Explained
Travel nurse pay differs from full-time nursing positions because agencies offer hourly rates for each assignment, meaning RNs can shop around and find opportunities with ideal pay. In contrast, RNs working full time at hospitals, physicians' offices, and other facilities usually rely on raises or additional education to increase their earning potential.
Practitioners considering this role also need to explore what take-home pay looks like for travel nurses. Nursing agencies set their own conditions, so pay packages vary. For instance, organizations may offer an hourly base pay with additional stipends to cover housing or meals, while other companies may offer a higher hourly rate to account for additional expenses.
- Hourly Rate
- Full-time RNs working at a healthcare facility receive a salary, but travel nurse employers typically offer hourly wages. Practitioners should note that earning potential varies by specialty, location, and shift.
- Travel nurses need to arrange for living accommodations. Therefore, travel nurse pay often includes a stipend that covers food and housing expenses. Companies may provide housing accommodations or select housing options for travel nurses. Other employers may factor stipends into hourly pay or offer it in addition to RNs' base pay.
- Taxable income varies for travel nurses. Practitioners who claim a permanent tax home can avoid taxes on stipends. To claim a tax home, travel nurses need to prove that they visit their primary residence once every 12 months at minimum and pay expenses to maintain their primary home. Travel nurses without a permanent tax home get taxed on all earnings.
- Travel RN salaries may include some benefits. However, most temporary positions do not offer health benefits. Also, travel nurses may not work for a particular agency for an extended period of time to be eligible for health benefits. Travel nurses do receive other benefits, including stipends for living expenses, higher pay, and potential sign on bonuses. Benefits may influence take-home pay depending on RNs' tax status.
- Crisis Pay
- Travel nurses can take advantage of crisis pay when organizations need practitioners to work additional hours due to lack of staff or hazardous working conditions. For instance, COVID-19 led to increased demand for travel nurses. Travel nurse agencies also saw an increase in applicants as these temporary positions offered significantly higher wages.
Highest and Lowest Paying States for Travel Nurses
Travel nurse salaries vary by state and region. Locations in need of RNs typically offer more competitive wages. In fact, the popularity of a particular region can influence travel nurses' earning potential. Less popular locations may pay more, while desirable locations may pay less. Likewise, states with a higher cost of living offer higher wages relative to living costs.
According to 2022 data by Vivian, the top-paying states for travel RNs included New Jersey, North Dakota, and Washington. Practitioners also want to consider the highest-paying specialties to determine earning potential which may vary by state. The following section includes the top specialties in demand.
Highest Paying Travel Nurse Specialities
Typically, nursing specialties that lack licensed practitioners offer more pay than other specialties, which further increases earning potential for travel nurses. Higher acuity facilities also offer higher pay, as they need skilled practitioners who can meet their patients' needs. The Gypsy Nurse lists five specialties with high travel RN salaries.
Labor and Delivery
Critical Care – Intensive Care Unit
Operating Room Registered Nurse
4 Ways to Increase Pay as a Travel Nurse
While travel nurse pay may exceed traditional full-time RN salaries, travel nurses can additionally increase their earning potential by considering factors like demand for specialties, understaffed or unpopular shifts, and locations in need of skilled RNs.
Travel nurses should examine the full benefits package to determine if jobs can provide sufficient take-home pay. For instance, regions with a high cost of living may impact how much practitioners actually earn if stipends do not cover all costs.
- 1. Earn Certification in a High Demand Nursing Specialty.
- Earning additional certifications can help travel nurses establish a competitive edge in the field. Potential certifications include advanced care in HIV/AIDS, advanced certified hospice and palliative nurse, and adult health clinical nurse specialist. Practitioners considering a speciality should begin getting experience with their target population and earn a certificate to qualify for the best positions.
- 2. Seek Out Higher-Paying Shifts.
- Higher-paying shifts are often the less desirable shifts. For instance, hospitals may offer shift differential pay for hours outside of 8:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m. any day of the week. Likewise, travel RNs may want to consider working holidays and weekends. Many healthcare facilities need RNs to care for patients around the clock.
- 3. Work in Higher-Paying Regions.
- Travel RNs should research job opportunities in higher-paying regions as well. However, higher-paying regions may also include a higher cost of living. In contrast, other regions may offer high pay without the expensive cost of living.
- 4. Earn Your Advanced Practice License.
- RNs considering a career as a travel nurse can increase their earning potential by returning to school and earning a master of science in nursing or doctoral degree. Advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs) possess additional skills, can take on more responsibility, and hold management roles. APRNs also earn a median salary of $123,780 according to BLS data.
Frequently Asked Questions: Travel Nursing Salaries
How much does a traveling nurse make per year?
Travel nurse salaries vary significantly, especially since the outbreak of COVID-19. Factors that can influence earning potential include geographic location and specialty. However, travel RNs should anticipate working 46 weeks a year and earning about $3,167 on a weekly basis.
Do travel nurses get paid more?
Travel nurses typically earn more than full-time salaried RNs because they often take job assignments where there is a nursing shortage. Travel nurse agencies also pay practitioners by the hour and offer additional benefits, including housing and meal stipends.
Is travel nursing worth the money?
Travel nurses generally earn more than salaried RNs. However, practitioners should consider their lifestyle as well. For instance, an RN with a family may not feel the additional pay outweighs time at home, while another practitioner may find the pay suitable and enjoy the travel opportunities.
Do travel nurses get time off?
Travel nurses often do not receive time off since they work hourly and take temporary job assignments. While assignments vary, travel nurses should plan to work for 8-26 weeks at a time. Most travel nurses schedule time off between job assignments.
Learn More About Travel Nurses
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