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5 Anti-Racism Resources for Nurses

Gayle Morris, BSN, MSN
Updated February 1, 2023
    Combating racism helps promote health equity and better patient outcomes in outpatient and inpatient care. Figure out how nurses can play a crucial role in this process.
    Credit: SDI Productions / Getty Images
    • Nearly half of all nurses report they have experienced racism in the workplace.
    • Combating racism in healthcare helps promote healthcare equity, where everyone has a fair opportunity to attain the highest level of health.
    • Nursing plays a unique and critical role in developing and implementing anti-racism resources that can help promote health equity.

    According to 2021 findings by the National Commission to Address Racism in Nursing, nearly half of nurses reported they experienced racism in the workplace. More than 5,600 nurses responded, telling the researchers that the racist acts were principally from colleagues and others in positions of power.

    While 57% said they challenged racism at work, 64% of those said there was no change that resulted from that challenge. Combatting racism in healthcare helps promote health equity, even when racist acts are aimed at colleagues.

    Explore health equity, how racism impacts it, and resources for nurses to combat racism and advocate for health equity as a nurse.

    What Is Health Equity?

    According to the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), health equity “is the state in which everyone has a fair and just opportunity to attain their highest level of health.” The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation adds to the definition removing obstacles and lack of access, including poverty, discrimination, and healthcare. They base this definition on ethical and human rights principles.

    This is to provide greater clarity, which may lead to improved health equity across populations. The foundation believes there are four key steps to achieving health equity:

    • checkIdentifying health disparities that are rooted in inequities in opportunities and resources
    • checkChanging and carrying out policies, laws, and practices to reduce inequity across opportunities and resources
    • checkEvaluating and monitoring efforts using specific short- and long-term measurements
    • checkReassessing these strategies in light of the outcomes and planning next steps

    The authors of the report note that equity is not the same as equality and those who have fewer resources and worse health may need greater effort to improve their health. Resources that promote health equity include food security, access to healthcare and a safe environment, and safe housing.

    Achieving the promise of health equity requires that people are valued equally. This requires society to focus on contemporary injustices, overcoming economic and social obstacles, and eliminating preventable health disparities.

    According to the CDC, preventive efforts may be affected by social determinants of health, like poverty, lack of education, and racism. The occurrence of diseases in greater numbers in some groups of people — such as HIV, sexually transmitted diseases and infections, and tuberculosis — demonstrates health disparities in these groups.

    The Nurse’s Role in Health Equity

    The COVID-19 pandemic highlighted many of the health disparities and inequities in the current healthcare system. Although progress has been made in the past decade, more resources should be devoted and more attention paid to the conditions that affect access to healthcare and overall health and wellness.

    Nursing plays a unique and critical role in the development and use of these resources. Much of nursing education focuses on the treatment and management of disease. However, this has been changing to include social determinants of health and addressing social needs that improve healthcare access.

    Nurses are strong patient advocates who have addressed the social needs of patients in a clinical setting for decades. Yet a nurse’s work does not end when they go off shift. Nurses are perceived as healthcare experts in the community and their role in engaging in the community is expanding.

    Before advocacy, healthcare professionals must be aware of the challenges, understand the assistance that may be available, and align themselves with these assets to invest and deploy them.

    Only then are advocacy activities beneficial as they address the current needs of those who do not experience health equity. Frontline workers are vital in identifying health disparities and partnering with healthcare and community organizations to make resources available to patients.

    Nurses’ central advocacy role does not end in healthcare but extends to legislative efforts. Legislation can establish financial support for programs aimed at populations of people with poor access to healthcare and who live in unsafe environments.

    Combatting Racism in Healthcare Promotes Health Equity

    Health inequities during the pandemic took a disproportionate toll on Black and brown people. Leaders within the healthcare system have named racism a public health threat and pledged to reverse policies and practices promoting racist behaviors.

    An open letter published by the University of Chicago Medicine was signed by 36 Chicago hospitals. It called for actions to reduce health disparities by investing in communities of color and creating more equitable workplaces for employees.

    The letter named contributing factors, including housing, schools, food insecurity, poor access to healthcare, and violence. It said, “All of these factors contribute to health inequities in our communities. And they serve as a recipe for pain, suffering, premature mortality — and understandable civil unrest.”

    Systemic racism raises generational trauma and poverty. It can also trigger higher rates of illness and death. The hospitals recognized that many who work in them do not understand the struggle that racism creates. However, they committed to overcoming this significant factor contributing to healthcare disparities.

    Healthcare providers and legislators must acknowledge that hate, racism, discrimination, implicit bias, and microaggression have historically played, and continue to play, a role in contributing to health disparities.

    5 Anti-Racism Resources for Nurses

    It is necessary for nurses to acknowledge their biases and racist beliefs while educating themselves to be aware of their word choices and actions using anti-racism resources for nurses.

    Nurses are in a crucial position within the healthcare system to influence others and promote greater healthcare equity. These five categories of resources can help nurses reach this goal.

    Start at Home

    The American Nurses Association is a strong advocate for diversity, equity, and inclusion across education, research, and practice. Nurses can begin by taking small steps at home that help them to address their discriminatory behaviors.

    It is essential to acknowledge societal inequities even if you have not personally encountered racism. Next, evaluate your thoughts and feelings relating to people of color or a different culture. Racism is often subtle. A change in body language, a joke, or a remark under your breath are patterns that you may have learned at a young age.

    Understanding and acknowledging biases as well as cultural competency can help nurses to support systemic change in the organization, community, and government. Adopting a patient-centered approach that respects a patient’s religious, spiritual, and cultural preferences is a smart first step toward creating an environment to reduce healthcare inequity.

    Unconscious Bias Training

    This anti-racism resource for nurses was developed by the University of California, San Francisco. It acknowledges that while popular, it does not have evidence that this resource changes behavior.

    However, unconscious bias training is a step toward greater awareness of your own biases that can affect patient care and your social relationships.


    Videos, Books, and Podcasts

    Several organizations have developed lists of anti-racism resources for nurses that you can access:

    Websites and Organizations