When you decide to go to nursing school, you probably already have some idea of the kind of work you’d like to do the most. You may have even thought about what type of patents you’d like to care for. But did you know there are more than a hundred specializations for nurses seeking a bachelors or associates degree? There’s certainly a lot to think about before you choose a concentration. Naturally, you should start with your interests. What about the medical field are you most drawn to? Do you want to help women and children, or offer comfort at the end of life? Below are some of the most popular specializations for nursing students seeking their BSN.
#1 ICU/Emergency Care
If you are studying to be an emergency nurse, you will be prepared to work in high-stress environments where critical care is needed. You may be assisting with surgeries, trauma, or illness, and your duties will likely include examining the patient and making diagnoses, administering oxygen, IVs, or feeding tubes, then monitoring the patient. While the emergency room is the most common employer for nurses with this training, you may also find employment at a smaller clinic or in another part of the hospital.
#2 Hospice/Palliative Care
The field of hospice and palliative care has grown over the last few decades, and while hospice care most commonly takes place in the patient’s home, end-of-life care is also necessary in hospitals, clinics, and correctional facilities. Hospice workers must be devoted attendants to not only their patients’ medical needs, but also their general well being. That generally include mental and spiritual counseling as well as tending to the needs of the patients’ families.
#3 Pediatric Care
Caring for children of all ages is rewarding, and there are several possibilities when it comes to employment. You might work at a school, a juvenile correctional facility, a clinic, hospital, or doctor’s office. Through this program of study, you will develop a knowledge of how a child’s body grows and develops, as well as the fundamentals of child psychology. You will need to be good at talking with children and their parents alike.
#4 Cardiac Care
Because heart disease is one of the most common causes of death in the United States, you job prospects will be pretty good if you choose to specialize in heart disease treatment and prevention. You may find yourself assisting patients of all ages, and with various heart conditions. You will perform examinations, prepare patients for surgery, and discuss post-op wellness with the patients, in addition to monitoring and advising patients regarding wellness and prevention.
The brain and central nervous system are simply fascinating, and the field of neuroscience is an exciting line of work—there is comparatively little understood about the workings of the brain, so if you love research and technology, this might be a great specialization for you. As a certified registered neuroscience nurse, you will be responsible for examining and evaluating patients, diagnosing disorders, preparing patients for surgery, and caring for them after the procedure.
#6 Case Management
Case management nurses work in niche fields ranging from the terminally ill to children with diabetes. As a case management nurse, you will work closely with patients on a program of treatment and wellness. Responsibilities may include research, negotiating with insurance providers, making referrals, and keeping track of medical appointments. Case management nurses emphasize preventative care.
#7 Nurse Entrepreneur
If you have a degree in business already, or you are interested in the business side of healthcare, do consider a specialization in nurse entrepreneurship. This is a terrific path for those who are creative, enjoy multitasking, love doing research, and have good managerial skills. Whether you aspire to bring a specialized medical service to a community or to help create and market healthcare technology, becoming a nurse entrepreneur will give you the opportunity to explore the possibilities of the healthcare industry.